Five in Six Voters Favor Sharply Restricting Use of Solitary Confinement
An overwhelming majority (86%) of American voters support reforms in current Congressional legislation that would greatly restrict the use of solitary confinement, including 84% of Republicans and 90% of Democrats. In the innovative survey of 2,487 registered voters by the Program for Public Consultation (PPC) at the University of Maryland, respondents evaluated proposals based on two Congressional bills for restricting the use of solitary confinement. Only 10% (Republicans 12%, Democrats 7%) rejected both proposals. The more restrictive proposal, selected by 28% (Republicans 13%, Democrats 40%), would prohibit any use of solitary confinement for disciplinary purposes. Read More
Numerous polls show that the American people’s confidence in the Federal government, especially Congress, has reached startlingly low levels. Americans say that they perceive elected officials as listening to and being influenced by special interests, campaign donors and lobbyists, but being largely out of touch with the people. They believe this contributes to polarization and gridlock and, most importantly, undermines elected officials responsibility to do what is best for the nation as a whole. Research shows that there are substantial gaps between what the government does and what the public thinks it should do.
Americans perceive that this is a violation of a kind of ‘contract’ between government and the people that goes back to the founding of the Republic. Indeed as Alexander Hamilton said, “A government ought to [be]… free from every other control but a regard to the public good and to the sense of the people.”
This low level of public trust is a problem for many democratic governments, suggesting that there is truly a crisis of democracy. It plays an important role in the success of ‘populist’ outsider candidates who use the perception of governments' failure to serve the people to justify 'illiberal' ideas and policies.
THE PEOPLE'S DEMAND
A Greater Voice for the People as a Whole
Americans today believe that the people should have a greater voice in government. They are not asking for direct democracy, but they do think that elected officials should listen to and be responsive to the people they represent considerably more than they are now.
Americans believe that if their elected representatives were to be more responsive to the people:
- they would be more likely to find common ground (research shows that the public is much less polarized than Congress);
- this could help counter the power of special interests and make government more likely to serve the common good.
Of course, most Members have numerous contacts with constituents. But 8 in 10 Americans say the existing methods Members use to understand their constituents are not adequate. Many of the contacts are actually prompted by special interests or advocacy groups. No matter how hard Members work, they only interact with a tiny fraction of the hundreds of thousands of people who are their constituents, and that fraction will not necessarily be a representative sample of the people as a whole.
Furthermore, there are many issues before Congress about which people are not informed enough to give meaningful input to their representatives. Nonetheless, Americans want to know that their priorities and values are coming to bear on those issues as well.
1. Online Representative Panels of Citizens to Advise Representatives
In specific districts and states where a Member of Congress is interested in hearing from their constituents as a whole, VOP recruits citizens to form a panel—representative of the population—to provide input on current issues.
The panel members go through an online process—called a ‘policymaking simulation’—that puts them in the shoes of the policymaker by simulating the process policymakers go through when coming to a policy decision. Panel members are:
- given a briefing on the issue
- presented policy options Congress is considering
- asked to evaluate arguments for and against each option
- finally, asked to make their recommendations.
The simulations are developed by the University of Maryland’s Program for Public Consultation and reviewed by experts from across the spectrum of opinion to ensure that they are accurate, balanced and well-argued.
The responses from the citizen panel are aggregated and scientifically weighted to the demographics and partisan affiliation of the district or state, providing a clear picture of the views of the people as a whole.
2. In-Person Meetings of Citizens and Representatives
Once the citizen panel has gone through the policymaking simulation, their Member of Congress is invited to a meeting with some of the panel members, conducted in partnership with Common Ground Solutions. At that meeting:
- the panel members have an opportunity to discuss the issues with other panelists;
- the Member of Congress arrives and is presented the aggregated findings from the full panel;
- there is an open discussion of the issues between the Member of Congress and the panel members.
Because some citizen panel members may not be able to attend the in-person meeting, they will have the option to participate in an online meeting with the Member of Congress to discuss the issues.